Professional Journals
Is your blood sugar out of control? Lower your blood sugar in time!
Date : 26/01/2022

Common reasons that can cause a rise in your blood sugar: not practicing a reasonable diet, excessive intake of calories, lack of physical exercise, overweight, and emotional stress. However, patients with high blood sugar and diabetes may develop many serious long-term complications that affect multiple parts of the body.


Complications of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar):

Retinopathy

Patients with high blood sugar and diabetes can cause retinal microcirculation disorders in the fundus. Damages on this small blood vessel can cause severe vision loss and lead to eventual blindness. If you are experiencing symptoms such as decreased vision, you are advised to consult a doctor in time for a check-up. Even if your vision is not impaired, you should also check your eyes regularly.


Cerebrovascular disease

People with high blood sugar tend to have blood that is high in viscosity, which will easily cause stagnation and coagulation. As a result, thrombosis and embolism can occur in your blood capillaries. If injuries such as blood vessel hardening or stenosis occur, that will result in slow blood flow, coupled with thick blood and several other factors, all these will come together and cause paralysis or cerebral infarction.


Kidney disease

High blood sugar will destroy the microscopic blood vessels of the glomerulus and cause a decline in renal function. If it is not controlled in the early stages, the renal function will continue to degenerate irreversibly, which has a high probability to develop into diabetes, nephropathy, or uremia in the middle and late stages.


Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease is a risk factor for diabetes. The kinds of cardiovascular diseases in patients with hyperglycemia or diabetes are usually coronary heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cardiac autonomic neuropathy etc., which are the common complications of hyperglycemia.


Nervous System Disorders

Elevated blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels surrounding peripheral nerves, which will then irritate and damage nerve processes. The accumulation of these nerve damages is also considered diabetic.


Foot gangrene

A long-term heightened level of blood sugar will lead to weakened or disappearing limb sensation, reduced blood flow in the lower limbs, insufficient blood and oxygen supply to the feet, which gradually leads to dry skin, infection, and pain. For more serious cases, ulcers and gangrene will occur.

 "Diabetes is scary, but the complications caused by poor blood sugar control are scarier as it will greatly affect your quality of life."

Even if your blood sugar hasn't been well maintained, there are still many ways that can help stabilise your blood sugar levels, such as medication (under the consent of your doctor), diet, exercise, and stress reduction. No matter which method you choose, knowing about the disease will enable you to detect and deal with complications in time and make the process of sugar control easier.


Content extracted from Facebook LIVE by Dr. Lee

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